Sam Ghandchiسام قندچي Futurism: What I have Learned from Daniel Bell and Ray Kurzweil
Sam Ghandchi
http://www.ghandchi.com/1656-daniel-bell-english.htm

آینده نگری: آنچه از دانیل بل و ری کرزوایل آموختم
http://www.ghandchi.com/1656-daniel-bell.htm
 

Daniel Bell passed away in 2011. As noted in the past: "Daniel Bell has had a lasting impact on my thought, and I can say I agree with 99% of his writings" (1). In Fall 1985, when I published the paper "Intelligent Tools: The Cornerstone of a New Civilization" in AI Journal, I received a letter from Daniel Bell, who wrote to me that he found my anthropological material of interest, but did not agree to the usage of the term "intelligence" and preferred the term "inference" (2). In 1989, when discussing "uniqueness value" in economics, Daniel Bell in a letter to me (3), sent his astute observations which were noted in the preface (4). Daniel Bell was a futurist whom despite working on fundamental issues, was also aware of current affairs. For example, he wrote a very accurate analysis of post-modernism which is the root of cultural relativism, in his 1996 Foreword to his book entitled "Cultural Contradictions of Capitalism" (5). Also at the time of US Invasion of Iraq, despite his old age, wrote very attentively about the event (6). After the discussions of Artificial Intelligence and Theory of Uniqueness Value, in an article entitled "Social Justice and Computer Revolution" (7), my focus was on social justice in the post-industrial economies. In 1989, I returned to my work of six years before that time, entitled "Progressiveness in the Present Epoch" (8), which I had published in Iran Times of Washington DC, and in two writings entitled "Dancing in the Air" (9) and "Meaning of Life" (10), discussed new philosophical views and basically discussed a new look at the world. Iran's 1979 Revolution had proved to me that the solutions of the Left and Right do not work anymore, and therefore new solutions were of interest to me. The year 1989 was the last year I worked at Nova Bookstore in Sunnyvale of California. Again contacted Daniel Bell and discussed all my experiences with him and asked him where these fundamental topics can be discussed, and he sympathized with me and wrote "Years ago, there was a tradition of independent scholarship, and independent journals where such work could be published. Unfortunately, most of our disciplines, including my own, have become 'professionalized' and much of the work impenetrable." Later when I worked in new technology companies, we continued our contact and he was interested to know about the progress in firms that founded the Internet. But the reality was that the futurists of Daniel Bell's era fell behind the advancements of the 1990's although they were the prophets of the Information Society in the 1970's. Those who were the new generation of futurists basically rose from the world of technology itself, and two prominent examples were Marvin Minsky (11) and Ray Kurzweil (12). In reality, with Kurzweil, the paradigm of futurism was redefined and the subject of Post-Industrial Society was replaced with Singularity (13). In a new book that was published by this author entitled "New Variant to Meet Human Needs," I benefited from generous help of Ray Kurzweil which is acknowledged in the introduction and throughout the book (14). Kurzweil in a note yesterday said that he will continue his discussions of "Singularity is Near" in a new book expected in 2019 entitled "Singularity is Nearer". The basic questions that are the center of attention for Ray Kurzweil in his next book were discussed today in a video with Peter Diamandis which is definitely worthwhile to carefully listen to (15).  At the end I should note that unfortunately Iranian political community is too much involved in discussions of Islamism and Marxism and has fallen behind these intellectual topics of 21st Century although the Iranian Futurists are very closely following all these advancements.


Hoping for a democratic and secular
futurist republic in Iran,

Sam Ghandchi, Editor/Publisher
IRANSCOPE
http://www.ghandchi.com
http://www.iranscope.com
October 15, 2017

 

Footnote:

 

1. A Biographical Note
http://www.ghandchi.com/05-My_ProfileEng.htm

یادداشت بیوگرافیک
http://www.ghandchi.com/05-My_Profile.htm

 

2. Intelligent Tools: The Cornerstone of a New Civilization-Second Edition
http://www.ghandchi.com/353-IntelligentToolsEng.htm

ابزار هوشمند: شالوده تمدنی نوین
http://www.ghandchi.com/353-IntelligentTools.htm
 
 

3. Daniel Bell's Letter to me about "A Theory of Uniqueness Value"
نامه دانیل بل درباره "یک تئوری ارزش ویژه"
http://www.ghandchi.com/Bell090589.jpg
 
 
4. A Theory of Uniqueness Value
http://www.ghandchi.com/297-uniquenessEng.htm

یک تئوری ارزش ویژه
http://www.ghandchi.com/297-uniqueness.htm

 

5. "Postmodernism is a flight from philosophy-I think of Foucault or Derrida or Rorty -into cultural history, rhetoric, or aesthetics and the denial, if not the subversion, of universalist and transcendental values..For Foucault, the contemporary epistemological rupture was with the Enlightenment concept of Man, ... [and] mounted a challenge to Western humanism ...Derrida wanted to reject philosophy, in search for an ontological center.. Instead of philosophy (or, in his language, "the signified"), there is only literature, and in literature, there is only text, and in text, there are only signs.. Although Derrida perceived as the voice of wild interpretative freedom, he is anything but. His method and his categories are as schematic as those of a scholastic schoolman. His all-purpose tool is the technique of "deconstruction." Yet any effort to pin down the meaning of the term is invariably elided by the fact that Derrida refuses to assign any fixed meanings for terms, including, apparently, his own. In the end, textual analysis for Derrida is not concerned with "the fetishism of Meaning," which is a relation to a referent, or an outside reality. One reason Derrida is attractive, especially to literary theorists, who find their subject now designated the central focus of all inquiry, is that deconstructionism blows apart all systems in favor of a method that is also an anti-method. Derrida has it both ways..It is foolish to seek to locate postmodernism or PoMo as either "right" or "left." What we have here is the working out of the logic of modernism (its anticognitive and anti-intellectual modes) and consumerism (its acquisitiveness) in a world where the culturati find their own worldviews incoherent-because of the absence of a secure foundation in traditional morality or in liberalism that found it difficult to set limits on permissible behavior-and have welcomed the cultural anarchism and the transvaluation of values that postmodernism set loose." Daniel Bell, Afterword 1996, The Cultural Contradictions of Capitalism PP.298-306

6. Neocons, Daniel Bell and Iran
http://www.ghandchi.com/785-neocons-daniel-bell-eng.htm

نئوکانها، دانيل بل و ايران
http://www.ghandchi.com/785-neocons-daniel-bell.htm
   
 
7. Social Justice & Computer Revolution
http://www.ghandchi.com/238-SocialJustice.htm

عدالت اجتماعی و انقلاب کامپیوتری
http://www.ghandchi.com/265-EconJustice.htm

 
8. Progressiveness in the Present Epoch-Second Edition

http://www.ghandchi.com/352-taraghikhahiEng.htm

ترقی خواهی در عصر کنونی- متن کامل - ویرایش دوم

http://www.ghandchi.com/352-taraghikhahi.htm
 
9. Dancing in the Air
http://www.ghandchi.com/49-Dancing.htm

رقص در آسمان
http://www.ghandchi.com/291-RaghsDarAsemAn.htm
 
 
10. Scientific Worldview and Meaning of Life
http://www.ghandchi.com/1472-jahanbini-english.htm

جهان بینی علمی و معنای زندگی
http://www.ghandchi.com/1472-jahanbini.htm
 

11. Remembering Marvin Minsky
http://www.ghandchi.com/1092-marvin-minsky-english.htm

در سوگ ماورین مینسکی
http://www.ghandchi.com/1092-marvin-minsky.htm
 
 
12. Ray Kurzweil
https://goo.gl/gdT2c5

ری کرزوایل
https://goo.gl/NkXAdV
 

13.
Singularity: A New Paradigm of Futurism
http://www.ghandchi.com/716-singularity-paradigm-eng.htm

 نقطه انفصالی: پارادیم جدید آینده نگری
http://www.ghandchi.com/716-singularity-paradigm.htm
 
 
14. New Variant to Meet Human Needs-An Electronic Book
http://www.ghandchi.com/human-variant-book-english.htm

واریانت جدید برای تأمین نیازهای بشر- کتاب الکترونیک
http://www.ghandchi.com/human-variant-book.htm
 
 
15. Ray Kurzweil + Peter Diamandis: Disruptive Technologies, Mind-Boggling Predictions, and ‘Dangerous Ideas’
https://livestream.com/a360/ray/videos/164210942
 


Related Topics

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Ray Kurzweil

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ایران آینده نگر: آینده نگری در برابر تروریسم
http://www.ghandchi.com/500-FuturistIran.htm
 
 
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