sam-ghandchi Kurzweil: Intelligent Tools, Singularity and Obstacle
Sam Ghandchi

کرزوایل: ابزار هوشمند، سینگولاریته، و مانع

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Thirty six years ago, in Fall of 1985, published a paper in AI Journal, entitled 'Intelligent Tools: The Cornerstone of a New Civilization.' In 2005, Ray Kurzweil published a book entitled 'Singularity is Near.' Fourteen years ago, on Nov 17, 2007, I discussed both these publications in details, in an interview, in Persian, entitled 'Futurism and the End of Death!' Three years ago, on September 6, 2018, Ray Kurzweil in a note to me, with regards to HBE, i.e. human brain equivalent (Kurzweil's estimate of 10^14 cps), wrote: We're already there in terms of hardware! And he noted that the Google TPU board released in 2017 to be about 10^16 cps meaning over 100 times HBE! In other words, according to Kurzweil, we have already reached Singularity as far as computer hardware is concerned (i.e. passing the cps speed of human brain), nonetheless, he further elaborated that the software still has not bypassed the abilities of human brain! Although reverse engineering human brain as thoroughly discussed by Ray Kurzweil in his 2012 book 'How to Create a Mind,' is very crucial to this endeavor, and furthermore the paradigm shift of recent advancements of Quantum Computing reviewed by Ray Kurzweil, will helps us more to technically deal with the software of intelligence to reach HBE and beyond, but as far as the real issue of software of intelligent tools not having reached what we expect for Singularity, the issue is *not* technical, nonetheless it is not because of anything intrinsic to biological nature of human beings and our brain either, and has nothing to do with intelligent tools being non-biological! Actually what is lacking in current Intelligent Tools is the common sense capabilities of human brain, but not because of being non-biological! Then why? I discussed the topic of common sense with regards to this issue, three years ago, on May 14, 2018, in an article entitled 'Kurzweil and Problem of Common Sense,' and also a year later in a note, on July 22, 2019, entitled 'Popper, Kurzweil, Self, and Computers!' Why intelligent tools lack high levels of common sense is simply because in the last 50 years the real-world-experience of intelligent tools, as compared to humans, has been extremely limited, and the real obstacle has been the resistance of human societies to worldwide deployment of intelligent tools!  And the reason for resistance of human societies to global deployment of intelligent tools is the fear of a global unemployment, because the financial reward system of all industrial societies and others, are still basically based on *work*, as thoroughly discussed 32 years ago in a paper entitled 'Theory of Uniqueness Value!' It is true that 'Welfare State' systems in European countries is not based on work-based reward systems, but being intertwined with government bureaucracies, they are themselves a cause of chronic economic stagnation! On the other hand, in the American economy, the reward system being based on work, not only the labor feels the squeeze caused by corporations investing in manufacturing in China and other similar economies, but at the same time, the labor resists wide-spread deployment of intelligent tools because of the same fear of unemployment. The solution is Alternative Income, as discussed 16 years ago, on October 15, 2005, in a paper entitled 'Alternative Income-Social Justice in Post-Industrial Society!' Basically for Intelligent Tools to develop to a species in parallel to, or as an extension of human species as a New Variant, we need a worldwide unfettered deployment of intelligent tools to help them to develop an advanced common sense as an effective New Variant, comparable to current humans and beyond, for the new variant to be as successful as described five years ago on April 21, 2016, in a book entitled 'Futurist: Humanity's Nowruz in 21st Century New Variant to Meet Human Needs.'


Hoping for a democratic and secular futurist republic in Iran,


Sam Ghandchi
May 30, 2021


















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