÷Dr. Kazemzadeh-Syllabus for Democracy and Democratization

PLSC 3800: Democracy and Democratization
Spring 2005

Dr. Masoud Kazemzadeh
Liberal Arts Building 012n
Utah Valley State College
e-mail: Kazemzma@uvsc.edu
(801) 863-8351
Office Hours: MTWR 4:00-5:00 pm and by appointment

This is an upper division comparative politics course. You are expected to have already taken PLSC 1500: Intro to Comparative Politics. The goals of this course include defining democracy, discussing the sources of democracy, theories of democratization, and constitutional designs most conducive for democratic consolidation under various conditions.

There is a substantial amount of materials to be read and it is imperative for each student's success that he or she develops a regular study schedule that permits keeping up with the assignment at all times. Class attendance is mandatory.

Thought Papers
You have to write 4 brief thought papers (about 2 to 4 paragraphs each). Each of these thought papers deals with one or two questions from the assigned readings for that week. I will give you the questions one session before the due date. You HAVE to bring the thought paper on the exact day of the assigned topic. If you do not have the thought paper ready, you will loose 5 points; period, no exceptions, no excuses accepted. Each student will read aloud his or her thought paper. Then, the class will discuss the topic.

Term Paper
Write a 15-20 page paper. Imagine you are asked to advise a constituent assembly writing a constitution for a new democracy. First, choose a country that you are familiar with and would like to advise the members of its constituent assembly. Second, briefly describe the main features and conditions of that country. Third, propose a constitutional design that would increase the likelihood of democratic consolidation in that particular country.

If you have any disability which impairs your ability to successfully complete this course, please contact the Accessibility Department (Room BU 145). Academic accommodations are granted for all students who have qualified documented disabilities. Services are coordinated with the student and instructor by the Accessibility Services Department.

4 Thought Papers 40%
Paper 30%
Final Exam 30%


Robert Dahl, On Democracy (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1998, 2000).

Robert Dahl, Ian Shapiro, and Jose Antonio Cheibub, editors, The Democracy Sourcebook (Cambridge, MA: Massachusetts Institute of Technology Press, 2003). Referred to by D&S&C

Larry Diamond and Marc Plattner, The Global Resurgence of Democracy, 2nd edition (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1996). Referred to by D&P

Arend Lijphart, Patterns of Democracy: Government Forms and Performance in Thirty-Six Countries (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1999).

Alfred Stepan, Arguing Comparative Politics (New York and Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2001).

A number of articles have been placed on Reserve at the library.


Weeks 1-2: Introduction
* Dahl, On Democracy, chs. 1-4.
* Adam Przeworski, "Minimalist Conception of Democracy: A Defense," in D&S&C
* Philippe Schmitter, and Terry Lynn Karl, "What Democracy is... and Is Not," in D&P.

Week 3: Why Democracy?
* Dahl, On Democracy, chs. 5-7.
* Philippe Schmitter, "Dangers and Dilemmas of Democracy" in D&P.

Week 4-5: Sources of Democracy
* Diamond and Plattner, "Introduction," in D&P.
* Seymour Martin Lipset, "Political Man: The Social Bases of Politics," in D&S&C.
* Theda Skocpol, "Social Revolutions in the Modern World," in D&S&C.
* Diamond, Linz and Lipset, "Introduction: What Makes for Democracy?" in Diamond, Linz and Lipset, editors Politics in Developing Countries: Comparing Experiences with Democracy(Boulder: Lynne Rienner, 1995) on Reserve.

OPTIONAL: Barrington Moore, Jr., Social Origins of Dictatorship and Democracy: Lord and Peasant in the Making of the Modern World(Boston: Beacon Press, 1966).
OPTIONAL: Francis Fukuyama, "The Primacy of Culture," in D&P.

Weeks 6-7: Transitions to Democracy
* Samuel Huntington, "Democracy's Third Wave," in D&S&C.
* Juan Linz and Alfred Stepan, Problems of Democratic Transition and Consolidation: Southern Europe, South America, and Post- Communist Europe (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1996), chs. 1-5, on Reserve.
* Ronald Inglehart and Wayne Baker, "Modernization, Cultural Change, and the Persistence of Traditional Values," in D&S&C.
* Przeworski, Cheibub, and Limongi, "Culture and Democracy," in D&S&C.
* Dankwart Rustow, "Transitions to Democracy: Towards a Dynamic Model," on Reserve.
* Huber, Rueschemeyer and Stephens, "The Impact of Economic Development on Democracy," in D&S&C.

OPTIONAL: Laurence Whitehead, Democratization: Theory and Experience (Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press, 2002).
OPTIONAL: Jean Grugel, Democratization: A Critical Introduction(New York: Palgrave, 2002).
OPTIONAL: Huntington, The Third Wave: Democratization in the Late Twentieth Century (Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1991).
OPTIONAL: Georg Sorensen, Democracy and Democratization (Boulder: Westview Press, 1993).
OPTIONAL: Lisa Anderson, editor, Transitions to Democracy (New York: Columbia University Press, 1999).

Weeks 8-9: Constitutional Design
* Dahl, On Democracy, chs. 8-11.
* Alfred Stepan and Cindy Skach, "Constitutional Frameworks and Democratic Consolidation," in Stepan, ch. 12.
* Ruth Gavison, "What Belongs in a Constitution?" in Constitutional Political Economy, Vol. 13 (2002), on Reserve.
* Peter C. Ordeshook, "Are 'Western' Constitutions relevant to Anything Other than the Countries they Serve?" in Constitutional Political Economy, Vol. 13 (2002), on Reserve.

OPTIONAL: Dahl, "Madisonian Democracy," in D&S&C.

Week 10: Unitary vs. Federalism (and Hybrids?)
* Dahl, On Democracy, Appendix B.
* Arend Lijphart, Patterns of Democracy.
* Stepan, "Modern Multinational Democracies: Transcending a Gellnerian Oxymoron," in Stepan, ch. 9.
* Stepan, "Toward a New Comparative Politics of Federalism, (Multi)Nationalism, and Democracy: Beyond Rikerian Federalism," in Stepan, ch. 15.

OPTIONAL: Larry Diamond, and Marc F. Plattner, editors, Nationalism, Ethnic Conflict, and Democracy (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1994).

Week 11-12: Presidential vs. Parliamentary Republic
* Diamond, "Three Paradoxes of Democracy," in D&P.
* Juan Linz, "The Perils of Presidentialism," in D&P.
* Donald Horowitz, "Comparing Democratic Systems," in D&P.
* Linz, "The Virtues of Parliamentarism," in D&P.
* Lijphart, "Constitutional Choices for New Democracies," in D&P.
* Scott Mainwaring, "Presidentialism, Multipartism, and Democracy: The Difficult Combination," in D&S&C.
* Mattew Soberg Shugart and John Carey, "Presidents and Assemblies," in D&S&C.

Week 13: Electoral Systems: SMDP, PR, MMDP, Hybrids
* Douglas W. Rae, "The Political Consequences of Electoral Laws," in D&S&C.
* Guy Lardeyret, "The Problem with PR," in D&P.
* Quentin L. Quade, "PR and Democratic Statecraft," in D&P.
* Lijphart, "Double-Checking the Evidence," in D&P.
* Ken Gladdish, "The Primacy of the Particular," in D&P.
* Dahl, On Democracy, Appendix A.

OPTIONAL: Arend Lijphart, Electoral Systems and Party Systems: A Study of Twenty-Seven Democracies, 1945-1990 (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1994).
OPTIONAL: Andrew Reynolds and Ben Reilly, The International IDEA Handbook of Electoral Design (Stockholm: International Institute for Democracy and Electoral Assistance, 1997).

Weeks 14-15: Some Dos and Don'ts
* Dahl, On Democracy, chs. 12-15.
* Stepan, "On the Tasks of a Democratic Opposition," in Stepan, ch. 7.
* Stepan, "Democratic Opposition and Democratization Theory," in Stepan, ch 8.
* Stepan, "The World's Religious Systems and Democracy: Crafting the 'Twin Tolerations'," in Stepan, ch. 11.
* Amartya Sen, "Freedom Favors Development," in D&S&C.
* Diamond, "Towards Democratic Consolidation," in D&P.
* Samuel Huntington, "How Countries Democratize," in Political Science Quarterly, Vol. 106 (Winter 1991-1992), on Reserve.

OPTIONAL: Gene Sharp, From Dictatorship to Democracy: A Conceptual Framework for Liberation can be accessed at: http://www.hermanos.org/nonviolence/dictodem.html.
OPTIONAL: Adam Przeworski, et al., Sustainable Democracy(Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1995).
OPTIONAL: Mancur Olson, "Dictatorship, Democracy, and Development," in D&S&C.

Final Exam