Sam Ghandchiسام قندچي Kurzweil and Quantum Computers, Entanglement vs Causality
Sam Ghandchi

کرزوایل و کامیپوترهای کوانتومی، درهمتنیدگی در برابر علیت

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Aristotle postulated four causes in philosophy: material, formal, efficient, and Final! It is easy to reduce material causes to efficient causes, and to reduce formal causes to Final causes. So basically ever since Aristotle, we have dealt with efficient and Final causes. Although scientists like Newton would not acknowledge it, but in their work, they reduced Final causes to efficient causes, nonetheless, the scientific outlook on causality was best demonstrated by a philosopher, namely Spinoza who showed how Final causes can be reduced to efficient causes! Religious thinkers mostly did the opposite, i.e. reduced efficient causes to Final causes (e.g. Grand Purpose) although that outlook is best demonstrated by the Mystics! Centuries before Quantum Physics, David Hume was ready to jettison Causality in philosophy, and Kant's discussion of the topic in his book 'Prolegomena to Any Future Metaphysics,' written in 1783, is very clear, and I discussed it in a paper entitled 'Is there Room for Metaphysics in Modern Sciences!' Now looking at the achievements of Quantum Mechanics discussing multiverse inflationary model, using entanglement, I was thinking why not use the same entanglement model to understand the way 'galaxies' are positioned in our universe, or the way stars are positioned in the galaxies, or planets in solar systems, and even to discuss other fields of knowledge in terms of entanglement rather than thinking of correlations as weak states of causality! Actually some of the philosophical ideas of Seth Lloyd considering the universe (or multiverse) as a quantum computer calculating itself is not too farfetched and could be used in any scientific discipline! In fact, Ray Kurzweil reporting on the advancements of Quantum Computing in his Interview with Michele Reilly, shows Entanglement, rather than Causality, being used, to explain how Qubits communicate, reminding us of how Einstein called this phenomena: "Spooky action at a distance," which seemed to him to violate the speed of light limit for communication between two points! Whatever that may mean, surely entanglement is a better model than causality to explain things, when the latter ends up with the Big Bang theory, and still begs the question of what was before the Big Bang to sound like a tautology, but is real!


Hoping for a democratic and secular futurist republic in Iran,


Sam Ghandchi

March 10,















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