Sam Ghandchiسام قندچي Why Newton Matters: Making a New Universe
Sam Ghandchi

چرا نیوتون اهمیت دارد: ساختن جهانی از نو

PS 05/24/22: A few days ago I was reading a 2021 interesting book entitled 'Fear of a Black Universe: An Outsider's Guide to the Future of Physics' by Alexander Stephon. The book touches on many areas of physics including more recent works of prominent physicists such as the work of 'Cumrun Vafa' on String Theory! Something that caught my attention in the book was a statement the author makes about 'Dark Matter.' He says dark matter occupies 95% of the universe and notes that it means 95% of where we live and study too! In other words all our theoretical physics whether Newtonian or Relativity or Quantum physics is for the most part missing 95% of the universe! And he notes that we may need to think of something like what Newton did that could apply to our everyday life physics as well as far beyond in the universe! In other words what was referred to in this article as Newton's invention of *Force*, which united the analysis of a simple motion in a train on Earth with the planetary motion described by Kepler and Galileo before Newton, maybe what is needed to be done in our times!

PS 03/10/22: Kurzweil and Quantum Computers, Entanglement vs Causality

PS 12/24/21: Two Choices Beyond Kurzweil's Singularity

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I have written in details about Leibniz and Descartes but have hardly mentioned Newton in my writings! This was not intentional and in fact I believe Newton's role in shaping the Modern World is undeniable, and actually to go beyond Kurzweil's Singularity, understanding Newton's role in Modern Science is very critical. Newton's studies were vast including philosophy where just like Descartes, began with what Aristotle worked on to search for truth, and just like Descartes, ignored all Aristotelian scholars' discussions about Aristotle! Also Isaac Newton made detailed scientific studies of Optics, and being a protestant even perused all kinds of Christian denominations, and Hermetic traditions! Nonetheless, what in my opinion, made Newton a building block of the Modern World was something very speculative and philosophical he introduced in science that to our days, after half a millennium, still we owe it to him, i.e. introducing the concept of *force* and *action at a distance*, which a prominent Physicist by the name of Hossein Javadi in Iran has shown so well, and in 2005, I noted it in part of a paper I wrote entitled 'Leibniz's Monads and Javadi's CPH.' Actually before Newton, we know that Copernicus, Kepler and Galileo had either proposed or actually observed the laws of planetary motion, but Newton confirming all those *observations* using his three laws, did something novel. Those three laws not only could easily be applied to things far beyond the observable universe at that time, but they could be applied right here on Earth to things that never existed before, such as locomotive trains, airplanes and automobiles that did not exist at the time of Newton and still when I went to high school, we studied Newton's Laws to compare the experience of one riding a train and another person standing outside the train and surely in 20th Century, Einstein, and later, the Quantum Theorists, went beyond Newtonian Physics, in two different ways. But still they both introduced something that could be applied to phenomena that had not even been known to them or observed yet. In other words this is a heritage Newton had left for us: simply using our science for things that did not even exist yet which were *technologies* of the modern world! In short, Newton showed us not to be bound by what is currently observed! In my opinion, what I have discussed in a book entitled 'A Walnut under the Microscope: Science, Religion, Philosophy and Change,' is a similar goal for science not to limit ourselves to observation and focus on new things that may not even exist today but can be understood and developed by this science! In other words, why not try to make a new universe with our desirable universal constants using the technology we currently have available to us at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) in CERN!



Hoping for a democratic and secular futurist republic in Iran,


Sam Ghandchi

January 1,















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